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Notícias Internacionais / 12/05/2021

COVID 19 NEWS

UN: Pandemic threatens advances in refugee admissions worldwide

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UN: Pandemic threatens advances in refugee admissions worldwide


Between 2010 and 2019, 1.5 million refugees were sheltered in 35 OECD countries (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) and in Brazil with permits for reasons such as proximity to family, work and study.

The information is part of the report “Safe paths for refugees II”, produced by UNHCR (UN Refugee Agency) and OECD. The survey examines admissions of people the seven countries with the highest number of refugees in that decade: Afghanistan, Eritrea, Iran, Iraq, Somalia, Syria and Venezuela.

In a statement, the head of UNHCR's International Protection, Gillian Triggs, said the agency is excited by "great efforts by many states to welcome refugees through these additional and secure avenues."

Triggs said the admission "brought together displaced families and gave refugees the opportunity to use their talents, skills and experience to repay their new communities, as well as rebuild their lives."

Pandemic

Although data for 2020 are not yet available, UNHCR and Ocde expect the number of asylum grants to be significantly lower. The reason is linked to the closure of borders and travel restrictions because of the pandemic.

Gillian Triggs says that "Covid-19 should not be allowed to stand in the way of the exceptional progress that has been made in expanding these roads."

According to her, work, study and family permits "offer more robust and long-term forms of legal protection" and "are safe and orderly forms of admission that can save lives and benefit many refugees."

Resettlement

The report also has data on the number of refugees who have received humanitarian permits or have been resettled. In total, during the decade under analysis, 4 million people these seven countries submitted asylum applications in the Ocde States and in Brazil.

More than 2 million are refugees or have received a subsidiary form of protection. The reception systems received about 572 thousand through the resettlement of refugees.

With developing countries hosting 85% of the world's 26 million refugees, one of the main objectives of the Global Compact on Refugees is to increase resettlement and complementary routes.

In that spirit, UNHCR calls on more countries to resettle refugees, increase the availability of complementary routes and reduce barriers to admission. According to the research, there are several obstacles.

The agencies highlight documentation requirements and difficult access to consulates in the destination country. Registration fees, travel costs and lack of information and assistance make it difficult to stay.

Although family reunification procedures exist in most countries, administrative and financial barriers continue to limit their accessibility. Many refugees are unable to reunify through safe and legal routes, ending up crossing borders through dangerous journeys by land and sea.


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